COTTON RESEARCH STATION SIRSA
The Cotton Research Station, Sirsa is located in the Western Haryana, This station was established in April 1956 as a fodder research station and was transferred to CCS HAU in 1976 under Integrated Cotton Development Project (Funded by World Bank). Since then this station played a significant role in upliftment of farmers not only of Haryana but the adjoining areas of Punjab and Rajasthan. The station has about 79.5 acres of rich fertile, levelled and well laid out farm area for experimentation.
In the year 1976 the first task assigned to this station was to reconstitute the prevalent American cotton variety F 320 and the same was achieved in the year 1977. To promising cotton varieties H-777 and H 655C were released for general cultivation in Haryana in the year 1978. The variety H777 being the early maturing, high yielding has changed the cotton cultivation scenario and also enhance the wheat yields due to its early maturity. Two Desi cotton varieties i.e. DS-1 and DS-5 (Female parent of Hybrid AAH-1) and three American cotton varieties HS 45, HS 182 and HS 6 has been developed at this station and released for general cultivation in Haryana State. The variety HS-6 revolutionized the cotton cultivation due to its higher yield higher lint percentage (36%) early and synchronous maturity. The efforts and improvement made in cotton production technology enhanced the cotton production and productivity in Haryana.
In addition to cotton seed production, Breeder and TFL seed of different field crops i.e. Wheat, Mustard, Berseem, Lucerne in Rabi and Guar and Dhaincha in Kharif is also produced. The seed produced at this station is in great demand in adjoining area.
In Cotton Research, this station has made significant contribution and the work done at this station is recognized at National level. The mechanization of cotton cultivation has been started from Sirsa station and the row to row sowing of cotton at 67.5cm has been recommended. Tractor drawn seed drill , two row rotavator and cultivator for interculture in standing crop for mechanized cultivation of cotton has been developed with the help of local manufacturers. The major operations i.e. sowing, intercultural operations, spraying has been done with the help of tractors in seed production plots and research trails also. The cotton breeder seed production work at this station has been appreciated by the ICAR. .
Desi cotton Hybrid AAH-1 developed by HAU has benefited the desi cotton farmers to a great extent. Being the first genetically male sterile hybrid of the world, the problems faced by the farmers in seed production has been solved and hybrid seed production became realty in North India. Now the large number of farmers in Haryana and adjoining areas are producing hybrid seed of desi cotton at their own fields. Several farmers have received state awards for this pioneering work.
In addition to above several Bt cotton hybrids and other by products were tested for their use at farmer’s fields. The crop geometry and fertilizer requirements were worked out for Bt. Cotton and recommendation is included in package of practices.
Due to concerted efforts of farmers, scientists and extension workers, there is significant improvement in agriculture scenario. The Regional stations of HAU had been established to cater the specific needs of the region. Cotton Research Station played a significant role in upliftment of cotton farmers of the area. The efforts made by this station resulted in uplifting the economic conditions of farmers:-
- Sirsa District is the highest producer of cotton in the Country and Sirsa cotton market is the biggest in North India.
- Sirsa District is highest contributor of wheat to central pool i.e. 4% of the total wheat procurement in the Country .
- Sirsa District is highest producer of Guar in Haryana.