Rice is a major Kharif crop of Haryana, which is grown over an area of 1.287 million ha with a production and productivity of 4.006 million tonnes and 3113 kg/ha during the year 2014-15. The state is well known for production and export of high quality scented rice and super fine quality non-scented rice. During 2014-15 Haryana exported 0.472 million tonnes of scented rice worth ₹ 3477 crores.

The research work for improvement of rice was started in the united Punjab in 1926 at the Government Rice Farm, Kalasha Kaku now in Pakistan. After partition of the country, Rice Research Station was set up at Gurdaspur (Punjab) in 1950-51, which was later on shifted to Kapurthala (Punjab) with a Coordinated Scheme on Improvement of Rice Research Work in Punjab. After bifurcation of erstwhile Punjab, research work on rice was initiated at Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar in 1970. The Rice Research Station was later on established at Kaul during 1972.

The rice research station is located at latitude 29.51°N, longitude 76.39°E and 230 m above mean sea level in Eastern Agroclimatic Zone of Haryana.