Dryland Agriculture
 

Dr. P.K.Verma,

Head of the Department
Alternate No : 01662 285263
Email Id : dryland@hau.ernet.in

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Last Updated :- 12-01-2017 11:01:37
C(b) DLA-1 ICAR (Main Centre)

All India Coordinated Research Project on Dryland Agriculture

Objectives
  • To develop agro-ecological zones at macro level in dryland situations of the state.
  • To conduct basic and applied research for improving the productivity of natural resources for various dryland situations.
  • To develop techniques and systems for long term conservation and efficient utilization of dryland environmental resources.
  • To understand crop growth and yield processes under moisture and nutrient stress situations.
C(b) DLA-4 ICAR (ORP)

All India Coordinated Research Project on Operational Research Project

Objectives
  • To transfer and test dryland technology through Operational Research Programs based on Watershed approach.
  • To carry out economic evaluation of dryland technologies, study constraints and develop suitable resources base models for adoption.
  • To study the impact of dryland development programs including watershed management on productivity and socio-economic welfare of the community.
  • To coordinate various dryland and watershed research programs in the state and to have scientific linkages with the other research institutions and developmental departments.
C(b) DLA-14 ICAR (NICRA)

National Inovation on Climate Resilient Agriculture: Technology Demonstrations in a Participatory Demonstration and Action Research mode - Both On-station and On-farm

Objectives
  • Real time Contingency Plan implementation both on- station and on-farm in a Participatory mode
  • Rainwater harvesting (in situ and ex situ) and efficient utilization in crop production
  • Efficient Energy use and Management
  • Alternate land use / farming systems for carbon sequestration and ecosystem services
  • To evaluate the effect of saline water irrigation on the establishment and growth of some forest, fruit tree species and vegetable crops.

 Pearlmillet

 

Monsoon situation

Measures suggested

A.

Normal monsoon

Grow all the recommended varieties of pearlmillet with normal package of practices.  The sowing of crop should be initiated as and when 20 - 30 mm rains are received.

B.

1.

Delayed onset of monsoon

 

a)

Two weeks delay

Follow the practices as described in A.

 

b)

Three-five weeks delay

Cultivate short duration varieties (HHB 67-improved and HHB-197).

Pearlmillet sowing can be done latest by 1st week of August. Transplant 3 - 4 weeks old nursery on rainy day. Use wheel hand hoe to weed control and moisture conservation. Thin to reduce 1/3rd population.

 

 

 

 

c)

Six-seven week delay

Apply N through foliar application of urea. Harvest every third row of pearlmillet for green fodder after 45 days of sowing and make furrow in space so vacated for in situ rain water harvesting

 

2.

Long dry spell after sowing

 

a)

Two-three weeks

Use wheel hand hoe for weed control and moisture conservation. Thin to reduce 1/3rd population.

 

b)

Four-six weeks

   Follow 1 ( c )                             

 

3.

Early withdrawal of monsoon

 

 

 

Remove third row and make ridge and furrow for in situ rain water harvesting under rainfed condition Foliar spray of urea under rainfed.

 

4.

Heavy monsoon causing flood

 

a)

At initial stage

Sow pearlmillet by ridger seeder. Drain out the stagnated water. Use wheel hand hoe to weed control and moisture conservation. Apply N fertilizers just before vattar to compensate N leached. In case of crop failure, resow with early maturing varieties.

 

b)

At mid stage of crop growth

Drain out stagnant water. Apply N fertilizers just before vattar to compensate N leached. If the crop fails, go for green manuring before rabi and conserve the moisture for rainfed rabi crops.

           

 

     Clusterbean and pulses

A.

Normal monsoon

Sow recommended varieties and follow package of practices.

B.

1.

Delayed onset of monsoon

 

a)

Two weeks delay

Sow recommended varieties and follow package of practices.

 

b)

Three-five weeks’ delay

Sowing of clusterbean may be ensured by end of July and pulses by 1st week of August using early maturity varieties. For delayed sowing, seed rate may be increased by 20 % and follow recommended package of practices. Some area may be used for fodder/moongbean/moth

 

c)

Six-seven weeks’ delay

Avoid clusterbean sowing and conserve moisture for rabi

 

2.

Long dry spell after sowing

 

a)

Two-three weeks

Prefer weeding by wheel hand hoe to keep the crop weed free and conserve soil moisture. Maintain optimum plant population.

 

b)

Four-six weeks

Repeat one hoeing with kasola/wheel/hoe to keep the crop weed free and to conserve soil moisture. Harvest third row and use it for mulching.

 

3.

Early withdrawal of monsoon

Apply a light irrigation, if available, at pod formation stage.

 

4.

Heavy monsoon causing flood

 

a)

At initial stage

Drain out the stagnated water. Crop should be hoed immediately after vattar condition

 

b)

At mid stage of crop growth

Drain out stagnant water and if field comes in vattar condition in September plough up the remnant crop as green manure and conserve the moisture for rabi.

 

The technologies included in package of practices

  • Deep ploughing before onset of monsoon once in 2-3 years

  • Use of  ridger seeder for sowing of bajra (on the shoulder of the ridge) and mustard (in the bottom of the furrow)

  • Use of wheel hand hoe for soil moisture conservation and for weed control

  • Strip cropping of bajra and moongbean/guar in 8:4/6:3 row ratio

  • Harvesting of every 3rd row of bajra during initial drought (30 days after sowing)

  • Application of  recommended dose of fertilizers in advance (on withdrawal of monsoon)

  • Recommended dose of fertilizers for dryland crops:

16 kg N and 8 kg P2O5 per acre for bajra and mustard

8 kg P2O5 16 kg N per acre for pulses and legumes

12 kg N and 6 kg P2O5 per acre for barley

 Pearlmillet

 

Monsoon situation

Measures suggested

A.

Normal monsoon

Grow all the recommended varieties of pearlmillet with normal package of practices.  The sowing of crop should be initiated as and when 20 - 30 mm rains are received.

B.

1.

Delayed onset of monsoon

 

a)

Two weeks delay

Follow the practices as described in A.

 

b)

Three-five weeks delay

Cultivate short duration varieties (HHB 67-improved and HHB-197).

Pearlmillet sowing can be done latest by 1st week of August. Transplant 3 - 4 weeks old nursery on rainy day. Use wheel hand hoe to weed control and moisture conservation. Thin to reduce 1/3rd population.

 

 

 

 

c)

Six-seven week delay

Apply N through foliar application of urea. Harvest every third row of pearlmillet for green fodder after 45 days of sowing and make furrow in space so vacated for in situ rain water harvesting

 

2.

Long dry spell after sowing

 

a)

Two-three weeks

Use wheel hand hoe for weed control and moisture conservation. Thin to reduce 1/3rd population.

 

b)

Four-six weeks

   Follow 1 ( c )                             

 

3.

Early withdrawal of monsoon

 

 

 

Remove third row and make ridge and furrow for in situ rain water harvesting under rainfed condition Foliar spray of urea under rainfed.

 

4.

Heavy monsoon causing flood

 

a)

At initial stage

Sow pearlmillet by ridger seeder. Drain out the stagnated water. Use wheel hand hoe to weed control and moisture conservation. Apply N fertilizers just before vattar to compensate N leached. In case of crop failure, resow with early maturing varieties.

 

b)

At mid stage of crop growth

Drain out stagnant water. Apply N fertilizers just before vattar to compensate N leached. If the crop fails, go for green manuring before rabi and conserve the moisture for rainfed rabi crops.

           

 

     Clusterbean and pulses

A.

Normal monsoon

Sow recommended varieties and follow package of practices.

B.

1.

Delayed onset of monsoon

 

a)

Two weeks delay

Sow recommended varieties and follow package of practices.

 

b)

Three-five weeks’ delay

Sowing of clusterbean may be ensured by end of July and pulses by 1st week of August using early maturity varieties. For delayed sowing, seed rate may be increased by 20 % and follow recommended package of practices. Some area may be used for fodder/moongbean/moth

 

c)

Six-seven weeks’ delay

Avoid clusterbean sowing and conserve moisture for rabi

 

2.

Long dry spell after sowing

 

a)

Two-three weeks

Prefer weeding by wheel hand hoe to keep the crop weed free and conserve soil moisture. Maintain optimum plant population.

 

b)

Four-six weeks

Repeat one hoeing with kasola/wheel/hoe to keep the crop weed free and to conserve soil moisture. Harvest third row and use it for mulching.

 

3.

Early withdrawal of monsoon

Apply a light irrigation, if available, at pod formation stage.

 

4.

Heavy monsoon causing flood

 

a)

At initial stage

Drain out the stagnated water. Crop should be hoed immediately after vattar condition

 

b)

At mid stage of crop growth

Drain out stagnant water and if field comes in vattar condition in September plough up the remnant crop as green manure and conserve the moisture for rabi.

 

The technologies included in package of practices

  • Deep ploughing before onset of monsoon once in 2-3 years

  • Use of  ridger seeder for sowing of bajra (on the shoulder of the ridge) and mustard (in the bottom of the furrow)

  • Use of wheel hand hoe for soil moisture conservation and for weed control

  • Strip cropping of bajra and moongbean/guar in 8:4/6:3 row ratio

  • Harvesting of every 3rd row of bajra during initial drought (30 days after sowing)

  • Application of  recommended dose of fertilizers in advance (on withdrawal of monsoon)

  • Recommended dose of fertilizers for dryland crops:

16 kg N and 8 kg P2O5 per acre for bajra and mustard

8 kg P2O5 16 kg N per acre for pulses and legumes

12 kg N and 6 kg P2O5 per acre for barley


# Image Name Designation Specialization Details
1 Mukesh Kumar Assistant Scientist Soil and Water Eng. Details