Family Resource Management

Dr. Kiran Singh

Head of the Department

Mailing Address

Family Resource Management
College of Home Science
CCS Haryana Agricultural University
Hisar - 125004 (Haryana) India

Phone No : 01662-285253
Alternate No : 9416345454
Email Id :

Last Updated :- 10-07-2017 10:07:45
  About us

Department was established in 1982. M.Sc. programme was also started in the same year while Ph.D. programme was started in year 1994-95. A Certificate Course in Creative Arts with duration of 4 months was started in year 2003-04 for developing entrepreneurial skills among students.

  Academic programs

1. Postgraduate Programme
M.Sc. in Family Resource Management 
Ph.D.  in Family Resource Management  

2. Professional elective for B.Sc. (Hons.) Home Science final year students
Interior Decoration and Event Management

3. Certificate Course  in Creative Arts:  It includes pot decoration, flower arrangement, 
alpana, rangoli, decorative articles, oil painting, fabric painting , glass painting, gift wrapping, 
best out of waste, candle making, doll making  etc. Minimum qualification for this course is 
Middle pass.

  List of synopsis & thesis of PG students
  Course offered at UG and PG level

Courses offered at UG and PG level

Sr. No.

Course No.

Course Title

Credit  hours




Management of Family Resources   




Family Finance Management




Housing and Space Management  




Fundamentals of Interior Decoration




Consumer Education     




Appropriate Technologies for Rural Households


Elective Courses : Interior Decoration and Event Management



Household Furniture and Furnishings




Functional Interiors for Special Needs




Floor and Wall Treatments




Computer Aided Interior Designing




Event Management




Flower Arrangment and Landscaping




Table Setting and Service Management




Creative Art and Craft


Courses for M.Sc.



Approaches to Resource Management



FRM -502

 Fundamentals of Ergonomics



FRM 503

 Advanced Interior Space Management



FRM 504

Advanced Housing



FRM 505

Consumer Issues and Challenges



FRM 506

Consumer Guidance and Counseling



FRM 507

Consumer Communication Media



FRM 508

Product Design, Testing and Evaluation



FRM 509

Consumer Economics and Retail Management



FRM 510

Work and Workstation Design



FRM 511

Advanced CAD for Product Design



FRM 512

Energy Conservation in Building Design



FRM 513

Interior Design Business Management



FRM 514

Furniture Design and Fabrication



FRM 515

Colour and Lighting in Interiors


Courses  for Ph.D.


FRM 601

Advances in Development of Family Resource Management



FRM 602

Occupational Biomechanics



FRM 603

Globalization and Consumer Economics



FRM 604

Family Dynamics and Women Power



FRM 605

Consumer Product Design



FRM 606

Environmental Issues and Challenges



FRM 607

Managerial Dimensions For  Special Groups


  Events organized under the professional elective course

Interior Decoration and Event Management

Green Consumer Day

Polka dot Party



  Laboratory of the department
  • Equipment Lab.
  • Home Furnishing Lab.
  • Design Lab.
  • Research Lab.
  • Activity Lab.
  • Computer Room
  • Seminar Room
  • Domestic Farming Unit
  Research focus
  • Ergonomics
  • Renewable Energy
  • Rural Housing and Sannitation
  • Family and Consumer Economics
  • Interior Designing and Decoratio
  • Waste Management and Vermi-Composting Room
  Technologies developed by the department


It is basically a cap combined with apron. Capron is used to cover teh head region of the body upto chest  while working in the fields. It is made up of cotton cloth. It consists of mask having cap with/or without flap and attached with an apron upto chest level. It is easy to fasten and remove. 


Cot bag has been designed to carry out the cotton picking activity efficiently. It can be made of any weight bearing cloth. Cot bag has shaped pockets at the front which makes teh bag friendlier and reduces the drudgery while putting cotton in the bag. It wraps uniformly and is evenly distributed over shoulders and waist. Length of the bag is above the knees which make the women comfortable while walking.

 String maker

String maker consist of ball bearing mechanism fixed on a wooden platform having a shaft of about 8 inches on which plastic basket is mounted. A plastic/aluminimum basket is mounted on shaft through rotarory mechanism which helped to rotate the basket with more revolutions which increased the output of string maker. There was special provision of material and tool storage


 Mulching tool

Various tools were designed and developed having small blade and handle of different material and shapes for mulching activity in stawberry cultiviation

 MDV Chulha

MDV chulha is like the traditional chulha. It is doubled wall with the grate at the bottom and perforated flame concentrated plate at the top which helps in maintaining the flame . There is less fuel consumption with increased thermal efficiency.

 Head load manager

Head Load Manager is used for transporting manure, seeds, harvested grains, vegetables, fodder and biomass fuel from home, farm and handling of sand, cement at the domestic construction sites

 Fetching trolley

The trolley is useful for fetching water, dung and fuel as it avoids carrying as head load. It is made up of light weight G.I. sheets having three wheels which move eaily with push efforts. The handles are fixed as per the anthropometric measurements of the women. It has an openable flap at the front side which is used while emptiying the trolley with lesser efforts.

 Improved Hara

A double walled mud hara with air in between the walls was developed. The gap between the two walls act as an insulator, reducing the heat losses to the atmosphere. The results in higher temeratures inside the firebox, easy ignition and more complete fuel combustion. Grate of iron rods was provided below the firebox. Grates supplied the required primary air for teh combustion of fuel and allowed the ash to fall down without choking the air flow. To improve the thermal performance of the hara. For this purpose two rows of small holes at the inner wall of the firebox were provided. These holes supply hot secondary air which was extremely useful for the efficient combustion of the fuel. 

 Papad maker

The device has a hand operated press mechanim putting minimum stress on user body resulting in double output over the traditional method. Saves 31.4% time over the traditional method. 

Wadi maker

Wadi maker is made of mild steel iron extruding 16 wadi of uniform size and shape with output capacity of 4.03 kg/h, which is approx four times the manual method. The average saving in time is 73.5% over the manual method.
  Ongoing research projects
Sr. No. Title Funding Agency
1. Development and Propagation of Nutritive Kitchen Garden using Organic Manure State Scheme
2. Energy Conservation through Fuel Saving Technologies State Scheme
3. All India Coordinated Research Project on Home Science ICAR  
Research projects completed
Sr. No. Title Funding Agency
1. Resource management of farm families in rural Haryana   - All India Co-ordinated Research Project in Home  Science (1980-1996) ICAR
2.  Technologies for effective disposal of household waste in rural areas of Haryana  (1997-02) State
3. Study of housing, sanitation and drinking water supply conditions and its impact on well being among rural Haryana families. (1988-2002) State
4.  Management of household waste: Awareness campaign for children, 2000-2001.  Sponsored by the Environment Society of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests. (2000-2001). GOI
5. Environment protection: Management of waste through school children 2000-2001. Sponsored by The Environment Society of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests. (2000-01) GOI
6. Awareness campaign on water for better quality of life (Ministry of Environment and Forests) (2004-05)) GOI
7. Popularization and adoption of solar energy technologies in rural areas. (2004-2007) ICAR
  Research highlights

Development and propagation of household waste management technologies for sustainable environment

  • Soil status of experimental plots improved due to survival of the bacteria and fungi present in the CFU per gram of vermi compost prepared at DFU as soil of experimental plot was rich in organic carbon (0.45%), phosphorus and potash (610.0 kg/ha).
  • Total bacterial count and the fungal count was found highest in the cfu. g1 sample of soil of the experimental plot (6.5x106 & 5.5 x106) in comparison to the control plot (3.1 x 104 & 1.5x104) respectively.
  • Vermi-compost increased the nutrient status of the soil and also enriched the soil with micro organisms which resulted in 10-15 percent higher crop yield. 
  • Established one vermi-composting unit in village Gawar.
  • There was 34.7, 27.8, 19.8 and 12.2 percent conservation of water in 4 improved pots i.e. Double-walled pot with mulch and cardboard ring (T4), Double-walled pot with cardboard ring on water (T3), Double-walled pot with mulch on soil (T2) and Simple double-walled pot (T1), respectively as compared to control one (traditional single earthen pot) in watering the potted plants.
  • 90 cm Rain water was collected in tank after first rain and 1m and 5 cm after subsequent rain.
  • Garden is developed after planting foliage plants, ornamental plants and grass.

Energy conservation technologies, thier impact on family resources and environment.

  • The investment in pelletizing unit is considered to be economically viable as benefit-cost ratio was 1:2.27.
  • There was statistically significant saving of 26.34 per cent in time, 64.10 per cent in fuel and 40.00 per cent in money while cooking a standardized meal on pellet stove over traditional mud stove.
  • Required energy load of the department of FRM is 74.0 K.W. Current running load of the department of FRM in summer season during June-July, 2015 was 16.5 KW.
  • In Gangwa and Ludas village the SPM was 72.6% and 60% more than the recommended level and CO2 was 179% and 172% more than normal values before the installation of MDV chulha & improved hara in the households.
  • Majority of the respondents were aware about CFL based solar home lighting system (100%), solar lantern (85%), solar pump (76%), dish type of solar cooker (68%), box type solar cooker (50%) and solar water heater (67%) but they owned only solar home lighting system (83%) and solar lantern (17%). None of the respondents possessed any other solar technology.


 All India Coordinated Research Project on Home Science
Characterization of drudgery in strawberry production system



  • Majority of the farmers in village Saharwa were involved in strawberry production system. Produce from strawberry was about 20 qt/ acre.
  • Female dominant activities in strawberry cultivation system were removal of dead leaves, weeding, interculturing and nipping & topping.
  • Weeding was done manually and with the help of khurpa and interculturing was done with panja, a locally developed tool.
  • Majority of the female workers were satisfied from the activity.
  • Physical load factor score for weeding and interculturing was 9.5. It was highest for transporting of manure (46.51) and was done mainly by male farmers.
  • Load factor consists of physical load, posture, repetitive strain, physiological strain, time and MSD. Physical Load was the cause of drudgery in preparing channels for irrigation. Posture was the cause of drudgery in activities viz. levelling, tractor ploughing & compartment bunding, ploughing by country plough, mixing of manure, nursery bed rising, uprooting, transplanting weeding ,interculturing, nipping/topping, and packing in small packets and trays. Repetitive strain was the cause of drudgery in removing of stalk and stubbles, removal of dead leaves, mulching, tunneling, covering with white polythene, gathering and heaping and loading of the product. Drudgery in application of fertilizers, watching/bird scaring, supervision and fruit picking was because of time restriction. Drudgery in spraying was due to MSD.



Characterization of drudgery in Wheat production system

  • In land preparation, all the activities were either men dominating or men exclusive. All the respondents were satisfied with the technology usage.
  • All the activities of harvesting viz. Cutting, bundling and threshing are done by both men and women.
  • Posture was the main cause of drudgery in leveling, compartment bundling, ploughing by country plough, mixing of manure, seed treatment, weeding, spraying bundling and bagging at home. Physical load was the cause of drudgery in transportation of manure, spreading of manure, and loading of the product . Repetitive strain was the cause of drudgery in removing of stalks and stubbles and time was in seed dropping.MSD was the cause of drudgery in transportation of manure, spreading of manure, cutting, bundling and threshing.

Ergonomic assessment in vegetable (bhindi) picking using pick bag/ improved methods

  • There was 3.8% decrease in HR while picking bhindi with gloves.
  • EE and PCW decreased by 5.7% and 1.4% respectively with the use of protective gloves.
  • Grip fatigue reduced to 12.5% and 2.7% for right and left hand respectively while using gloves.
  • Musculo-skeletal discomfort in hands and fingers decreased by 34.6% and 31.8% respectively with the use of gloves.

Performance evaluation of available machinery for processing of Pearl Millet

  • CO2 (1122 ppm) was beyond the permissible level of 350 - 450 ppm. during the process of drying
  • Temperature was 56.80C which was higher than recommended level, The highest amount of particulate matter (42 µg/m2) was found during mixing, kurkure making, puff making and masala mixing processes. The sound was highest (95.8dB) during milling, grinding, sieving, mixing of floor, kurkure and puff making and masala mixing which is beyond the permissible limits. 

Field trials and assessment of modified pick bag and gloves on farm workers engaged in vegetable picking:

  • Belt with elastic having buckle was convenient and length of the pick bag was appropriate. Following modifications are required to make the pick bag more user friendly
  • A curved shape at the elbow level at back was required for ease of movement of hands.
  • Buckle: The buckle used to bend with heavy load causing discomfort below chest level, and moreover, it used to open some times with the heavier load.  
  • Neck line : Lesser width of neck line was putting pressure on the neck and shoulder point. Shoulder belts forming the neck line need better cushioning to make it more comfortable.  

Characterization of drudgery of women in cotton production systems:

  • Overall drudgery load in cotton production system was maximum for picking (51), followed by loading of the product (47), transportation of manure, seed dropping, weeding and spraying had same drudgery load score i.e. 42 each.

Evolving Nomograms for women’s work load in weeding in okra

  • weed in the field were mainly in the form of grass, creeper and plants. Santhi was in the form of grass with average length of 66 cms, number of weeds per sq mt were 48. Weeds in the form of plant were chaulaimotha and kundraand height ranged from 33- 60 cm and number of weeds per sq mt were 20, 132 and 28 respectively . The weed in creeper form was hiran khuri and there were 10 number of weeds per sq mt.
  • The mean weight of the tool was 470 gms, mean length of the khurpa was 311.4mm, average length and diameter of the khurpa handle was 185.8 mm & 30 mm respectively. Handle was made up of wood with straight curved shape. Sickle blade was made up of iron with trapezoid shape and average blade length was 126 mm.
  • During weeding activity of okra crop, grip fatigue while standing vertical, sitting horizontal, squatting posture was more for left hand whereas in standing horizontal and sitting vertical posture grip fatigue was more for right hand.

Evaluation of pick bag developed by Deptt of TAD

  • Grip fatigue was maximum for right hand (6.6%) and left hand (7.6%) in existing method. Grip fatigue was minimum for pickbag with tetron having 0.52 % and 1.59 % fatigue for right and left hand respectively.
  • Grip fatigue while collecting fodder in existing method was 5.7 per cent and 5.3 percent for right hand and left hand respectively . Grip fatigue for pick bag cum gathhri was relatively lesser for right hand (1.58 %) as well as left hand (1.55%).
  • Mean blood pressure was minimum for pick bag with tetron i.e. 103. Output was maximum for pick bag with tetron (54 kg) followed by pick bag cum gathhri (50kg)
  • Mean blood pressure was minimum for pick bag cum gathhri i.e.98 and Output was maximum (23.1 kg) followed by pick bag with tetron (22.4 kg) and existing method (22.3 kg.)
  • Pick bag with tetron was found suitable for pearl millet heads collection & Pick bag cum Gathhri was appropriate for grass collection. (22.3 kg.)

Characterization of drudgery of women in cotton production systems


Study of manual carrot twigs/greens cutting

  • Posture used in carrot green plucking was not appropriate and corrective measure is required soon.

Development of grain collector & its performance evaluation

  • Grain collector was found to be a better drudgery reducing option as grip fatigue was reduced by 14.9% while using grain collector in comparison with traditional method. Lower heart rate and mean pressure were also reported in use of grain collector. There was saving of 20.9% in filling one sack and output was increased by 25%/hr.
  • Maximum reduction in MSD while using grain collector was observed in upper back (13.1%), followed by shoulders (11.3 %) and upper arms (11.1 %). There was no change in MSD in thighs, calf muscles and feet.
  Extension activities

Celebration of Important Days:

  • World Consumers Day on 15th March
  • Water Day 23rd March
  • Earth day 22nd April
  • Environment Day on 6th June
  • Energy Conservation Day on 14th December
  Short courses organized
  • Organized ICAR- sponsored short course on Latest Trends in Space and Interior Designing from Oct 26 - Nov 4, 2006.
  • Organized refresher course as course Coordinator in Home Science Education in collaboration with Directorate of Higher
  • Education, Govt of Haryana ( 15 June to 10 July,98) held at College of Home Science H.A.U. Hisar
  • Organized refresher course on Appropriate technologies for better quality of rural life (3 June to12 June).
  • Organized Workshop for training of trainers (Extension specialists of various KVKs) regarding use of 'Training module on drudgery reducing technology intervention for women in Agriculture' on 23-24 Feb, 20
  • Training on Designing through Auto CAD in collaboration with DHRM, CCS HAU Hisar from 4th to 24th Dec 2014.
  • Training programme on interior decoration for student in collaboration with DSW, CCS HAU Hisar from 14th to 29th Oct 2015

Dr. S. Singal

  • 25 year achievement award from Alumni Association, M.S. University of Baroda , Gujarat in October 2005
  • Outstanding contribution to Home Science and Women Studies by North American PAU Alumni Association, Toronto, Canada In December, 2006

Dr. V. Sangwan

  • Ch. Charan Singh Award for Excellence in Agriculture and rural development- 2007 by Shree Krishna Sewa Dham- A scientific & healthcare NGO, Karnal.
  • National Award for Eminent personality in the field of Specialized services to update farm women by Indian Farm Journalists Association, New Delhi  on 18 April, 08.

Dr. S. Gandhi

  • Chaudhary  Devi Lal Outstanding Award for AICRP in Home Science

Dr. B. Sehgal, Dr. S. Gandhi & Dr. M. Mehta

  • Award from HAUTA on Teachers' Day

# Image Name Designation Specialization Details
1 Dr. Kiran Singh Professor Gerontology, Environment and consumer Sciences Details
2 Dr.Sudesh Gandhi Principal Scientist Ergonomics, Consumerism, Environment Details
3 Manju Mehta Principal Scientist Ergonomics , Environment, Interiors Details
4 Dr. Binoo Sehgal Professor Interior Decoration, Concepts of FRM Details